Abbeville County abounds with abundant creeks, rivers and lakes offering plenty of opportunity for different types of fishing. Lake Russell is the newest of the Corps of Engineers hydroelectric dams along the Savannah River and is located mostly in the county. The lake has 550 miles of shoreline in South Carolina and covers 26,650 acres. It also has around 1,500 acres of the lake which is flooded timber, an excellent habitat for largemouth bass, bream, crappie, white bass, yellow perch, bluegill, catfish and trout. There are more than 12 public access points with boat ramps on the South Carolina side of Lake Russell.

 Lake Secession is to be found along the Rocky River above the headwaters of Lake Russell and is owned by the City of Abbeville, primarily for municipal power production. This is a popular recreation spot with many private residences along the shoreline. Lake Secession is also the scene of the annual Fourth of July Boat Parade & Fireworks display.